Accessible parks, a right and a necessity

Childhood, that period of time in which the human being begins to develop, to discover the world, to feel the present with an intensity and a pure curiosity. A moment that must be taken care of, by necessity and by right.

The little ones should be able to enjoy a healthy development, sure, full. This is how it is collected in the beginning 7 of the "Declaration of the Rights of the Child" of 1959 and in articles 23 and 31 of UNICEF's "Convention on the Rights of the Child" of 1989.

Like this, as responsible for protecting children's leisure spaces, we owe ourselves to the task of promoting a game as a service to guarantee for all children, as it fosters curiosity, provides joy, pleasure and satisfaction, stimulates the desire for self-improvement, favors the internalization of norms and patterns of social behavior, as well as encourages the development of physical functions, Psychic, affective and social.

Because from the earliest childhood, the leisure space par excellence of the little ones is the park, or the square, we have all created our first anecdotes between the walls of the class or between balls and cambs under the trees of an urban park. We must take care of these spaces where the first memories are created through a sensitive and responsible management, that drives you to play, to imagine and learn.

What is needed to be able to encourage the game in the little ones? Time, conditioned spaces, playmates and elements that promote a leisure in which there are challenges, eagerness to excel, and awaken courage, the creativity and strength of the little ones.

In this way, playgrounds must be a space of guarantee for the enjoyment of equitable leisure, with the perspective that each improvement project, or the creation of a playground, it must be born from the vindication to the right to play and enjoy urban nature in equality for children with different abilities, Like this, these must have minimum standards of:

Accessibility and security: Create a play space where all children can enter and move safely

An inclusive social perspective: A playground is a space where boys and girls enjoy play, it is essential to generate a place where positive social values such as respect for nature are promoted, friendship and companionship.

Along with this vision there must be a series of elements that every park must include in order to have the necessary accessibility for the enjoyment of anyone regardless of what their abilities are..


The main entrance has to be accessible, just as the roads should be formed by flat terrain (anti-slip flooring); or otherwise, an alternative accessible route must be offered. In addition, they must be well signposted and offer all the necessary information for their use and enjoyment (schedules, alternative routes, Precautions...).

Today wheelchairs and, especially children, guarantee full mobility since they adapt to different types of terrain and even have LED lights that help the activity to be carried out safely, even if it gets dark.

Like this, shared roads must have minimum dimensions that guarantee the passage of pedestrians, bicycles and wheelchairs without any user being in danger.

In this way, the seats and benches that are in the park must be ergonomic and must have a backrest and arm rests. Like this, comfort will be assured for all park users.

So important is the space and how it is accessed, as the game elements that make it up. These have to be designed for the curious and social soul of children., so that they must follow universal accessibility criteria, being dynamic, that guarantee the use by all children, as well as chromatic and texture contrasts between the different game elements must be introduced, in order to promote spatial orientation and user perception.

Playgrounds should be child-centered, but also in the people who care for them and love them, who are there at all times taking care of them, observing how they interact and form in playgrounds.

Like this, the look with which a playground should be designed should also be directed at them, with open spaces where they do not lose sight of their little loved ones, easily accessible, and also with colorful elements and games that favor dynamism in leisure, so that they can create meaningful memories, in which years later they can be reflected.

From AFAMOUR we work with the utmost affection and professionalism to all users who use playgrounds, which is why we promote a philosophy of accessibility, respect and care through our Accessibility Commission. A working group that is at your disposal.

"Someone made a circle to leave me out, I made a bigger one to INCLUDE US ALL."


26 Nov 2021 present, Afamour

At AFAMOUR we care about your well-being and safety. Therefore, we are attentive to the changes that in the Regulations, affect the Playgrounds and Training Zones so that you are up to date and have a clear design, performance and execution of the playground. The main changes included in Order TMA/851/2021 with respect to Order VIV/561/2010 that may affect playgrounds and training areas are:

Chapter III: Accessible Pedestrian Itinerary:

Art.5 : Route lighting: There is no longer talk of minimum lighting but that it complies with RD1890/2008 regarding energy efficiency

Art.11: Meet section slip requirements 1 of Basic Document SU 1, Safety in use. Request certificate of the pavement or test carried out by an accredited laboratory (pendulum test s/UNE-ENV-12633:2003).

Chapter IV: Areas of Stay, of games and training

It no longer collects that:

If there are toilets / dressing rooms / showers there is at least one marked unit reserved for people with reduced mobility for each 10 units or fraction, next to accessible pedestrian itinerary.

There are devices and technologies that allow interaction and use by all people and, especially people with sensory and cognitive disabilities

Art.8 For the gaming sectors

It is no longer required that: Recreational and training elements should allow use, enjoyment, participation, interaction and skill development by all people, considering the existing age ranges.

It is now required that:

At least 1/5 elements of each children's play and exercise sector, will have universal accessibility criteria, must be, in the case of children, this element of dynamic type or that generates movement when being inside.

If there is more than one element that has universal accessibility criteria, must be of different category.

Access to each element will be guaranteed with universal accessibility criteria from an accessible pedestrian route, which shall be considered part of the element, so it will meet all accessibility requirements.

Next to the playful and sports elements that must have universal accessibility criteria a circle of 1.5m of Ø can be inscribed without coinciding with the accessible pedestrian route.



Art.14 Ramps, inclined plane to save inclinations > 6% or unevenness >20 cm

Long. in horizontal projection ≤ 9m. (Maximum time 10 m length)

Max longitudinal slope 10% in sections ≤3 m and max 8% in sections up to 9m from Long. in horizontal projection (Maximum time 10 m length)

If lateral slope greater than 55 cm need for railing and in free edge area plinth height ≥10 cm

Art.15 Stairs:

If they serve as an alternative passage to a ramp or elevator (TMA only) linked to an accessible pedestrian route must be located adjacent to or close to them.

They must be of guideline preferably straight (before it had to be straight):


H Footprint: Min. 28 cm + riser 13≥C≤17.5 cm and relationship 54≤2C+H≤70 cm.

(Before: H Footprint: Min. 30 cm + riser C max. 16 cm)

Between two consecutive sections the Counter-Footprint will not vary more than 1 cm

Between two consecutive sections the Counter-Footprint will not vary more than 1 cm

If open space under stairs with height <2,2m protected to restrict passage and allow detection with canes of visually impaired persons

Chapter VI Street Furniture

It is no longer required that:

Ensure its detection at minimum height 15 cm measured from the ground. No outgoings of more than 10 cm, nor live songs.

They will not invade the free scope of accessible pedestrian itineraries; will preferably be installed on the outer band of the sidewalk, at a minimum distance. of 40 cm of the boundary between the curb and the roadway.

It is now required that:

Design and location will ensure that your envelope at h <2,2m lacks sharp edges and, except in the case of tables and fountains, ensure location and delimitation at maximum height of 40 cm from ground level and, no overhangs flying more than 15 cm with risk of impact at h between 0,4 m and 2,2 m

Art, 26 Banks:

Backrest height ≥45 cm with maximum angle of 105º with respect to the seat plane. (Before height ≥40 cm)

Art.27 Drinking water sources:

Faucet with lower space of 70 cm of obstacle-free height

Art.30 Elements of Protection: Railings, handrail, fences and skirting boards

Railings in case of unevenness > 55 cm or at risk of falls (TMA only): Stable, rigid and resistant: if possible agglomeration minimum horizontal load of 306 kg/m and, but, of 163 kg/m applied to 1,2 m height or at the edge, if the height is less

Handrail: Doubles at heights: 90/110 cm + 70/75 cm (Before: 95/105 cm + 65/75 cm.

Continuous throughout and prolonged 30 cm beyond ramp or ladder if no risk.

Chapter XI Signalling Requirements:

Art.41 LETTERS fountain: guy PALO SECO or other tests

Art.41 Standardized characters or pictograms

Art.41 Height between 0,9 and 1,2 m, with lower space of 70x80x50 (altxanchxfondo) with an obstacle-free approach zone. ≥1.5m Ø

Art.44 Tactile signage, vertical planes at heights between: 1,20 and 1,60 m (Before: 1,25 and 1,75 m)

Art. 46 For crosses or decision points in IPA's: Pieces of Tactile Pavement Indicator that form parallelogram of 0,8 To 1,2m side, in the intersection space of the crossing of the routing strips or in changes of direction ≥45º or, in changes direction to <45º: Miter parts

Art. 47 Interactive communication: In case of computerized communication elements with screen: must ensure visibility per person seated at height between: 0,8 and 1.2m. (Before 1 and 1.4m)


We hope you find these points of current regulations useful. The professionals who make up AFAMOUR, we are always up to date to offer our customers the latest developments in the sector of urban furniture manufacturers.

What are the essential criteria for designing a playground??

19 Nov 2021 present, Afamour

Play is an inherent activity of the human being through which we have learned to relate in different areas of our social life, familiar, etc. It is considered as part of the human experience and is present in all cultures.. Playing outdoors provides different benefits to children that favor their body development, mental and social.

To achieve these goals, it is necessary to establish a set of basic guidelines with which to start planning the playground, starting with the design of the outdoor area of the play space, which must include:

– Accessibility in the area, in game elements and services.

– Do not create differences between games or areas, to promote integration.

– Delimited and safe spaces, friendly and suggestive landscape.

– Elimination of unevenness by adapting the terrain to make it accessible.

– Relationship zones for parents and companions.



On the other hand, in the playground must be included:

– Game elements selected for versatility in terms of possible use.

– Care in the choice of pavement.

– Dimensions for access with a companion.

– Incorporation of protection elements.

– Manipulation games with sensory experiences.

– Informative signs and braille language integration.

Before building the park, we must study different aspects of the area where it will be located. Care must be taken to ensure that the play areas have as many hours of sunshine as possible during the winter months, and shaded areas during the summer months, taking advantage of nearby buildings that can cast shade on the park, as well as the existing vegetation in the area.

In addition, it will be necessary to know the prevailing winds, to try to avoid them in cold months and to be able to dispose of them in warm months. The situation in relation to the environment is also important, looking for the best views for the areas of stay and trying to avoid inconvenient relationships (noise, visual pollution, etc.), in the living areas and in the game elements themselves.

When choosing the game elements that we will include in the park, we will take into account the following criteria:

– Choosing fun elements that any child could play with.

– Take into account the importance of choosing elements that favor physical and social activity.

– Give all children equal opportunities (to swing, swing, play and interact)

– Getting rid of prejudices such as that a child with a disability can, You can't, or don't want to do certain things.

From Afamour we work in the work of promoting playgrounds, where all users can fully enjoy the play and entertainment spaces of the cities, and, above all, so you can learn, develop and grow by playing.

Playgrounds Why are they so important? Benefits and elements that improve the user experience

17 Nov 2021 present

Playgrounds are spaces where children create memories, learn to relate and boost skills such as imagination or emotional intelligence. That is why, so in the development of a project of play space outside, it is necessary to make the most of this space and know well the right elements for the environment and the little ones.

Like this, the managers of these spaces must take into account the children, but also the older ones who make use of sports equipment, putting all users at the center of development.

Benefits of designing a playground

An outdoor park with green areas is a space where people can improve their health through sport, socialization and promoting the physical and cognitive development of children.

The design of a park should focus on users, in how they interact with it, and more when we talk about the development of a playground, since the little ones are in ages full of curiosity, in which they seek to connect with the medium through play.

Choosing the right elements, it can favor the physical and psychological state of the people who interact in it, as the release of stress, physical improvement, or the development of psychomotor and cognitive skills in the little ones.

When we plan an outdoor recreation space, we must ensure that our park provides all these benefits and many more, but how can we achieve this??

The first thing we will do is choose the theme of our park, and for this, in Afamour we have associated professionals who can help you in this task.

Thereafter, our main goal is to encourage parents to bring their children to play, and that the little ones want to return more days, so it is preferable to opt for chord elements for the whole family.

A user-centred playground, should have rubber floors, with different texture and color for walking and recreation areas, specific play elements for people with disabilities, fences with a maximum height, signage, and a good maintenance service with which to maintain the regulatory parameters of use of public space.

Children's play environments in cities are spaces where the little ones create memories, develop physically and psychologically, as well as adults can spend time with their children, grandsons, Nephews, Cousins. Establish a suitable environment to build unforgettable positive memories, people-centred, that is the main objective of the design of a playground.

From Afamour, we work in the work of promoting playgrounds, where all users can fully enjoy the play and entertainment spaces of the cities, and, above all, so you can learn, develop and grow by playing.

The benefits of playing in the park for learning, development and growth of children

23 Jul 2021 present

From the earliest childhood, the leisure space par excellence of the little ones is the park, or the square, we have all created our first anecdotes between the walls of the class or between balls and cambs under the trees of an urban park.

This is why, children need play spaces where they can share their time, so that they can develop their recreational activities on an equal footing with all of them.

To do this, it is vital to have safe and accessible urban spaces for children for all, a work and a commitment for which Afamour has been working for more than 20 years, promoting an open and aware management of playgrounds with the needs of the little ones.


  • Playing you discover one's own body, better coordinates movements and develops muscle strength
  • Children learn through play, interacting with nature and its peers
  • Playing in the park increases children's creativity
  • Children in the park learn by having fun, teaching each other new skills
  • Playing outdoors helps children absorb vitamin D naturally
  • Playing in the park promotes social skills among children
  • Outdoors improves children's mood, helping your mental health
  • The freedom children feel when playing in the park makes them grow happier
  • Learning to share by playing helps children be more independent
  • Exploring playing makes children discover new things without the need for an adult.


So that all children enjoy some leisure activities in freedom, it is necessary that public parks are guaranteed spaces for the enjoyment of equitable leisure. Like this, children's spaces must be accessible and safe, so that they provide a space where all the little ones can play safely.

An inclusive look is also important, in which these parks are welcoming, so that all children can enjoy the game and create a place where positive social values such as respect are promoted, friendship and companionship.

From Afamour, we will continue to promote the care of children's spaces, working on providing for children, spaces to play, learn and develop safely and freely.