Accessibility of the environment

Accessibility of the environment: Delimitation, entrance, Signage and interior circulation.

18 Dec 2023 present

Creating accessible leisure spaces is a crucial step towards an inclusive society. In this context, the Order TMA/851/2021 establishes specific guidelines to ensure accessibility in play and training areas. At this point, From AFAMOUR we have some key recommendations to create areas that are comfortable, safe and accessible to all, And to this end, we must point out the importance of several elements, As:

  • The delimitation of the playing or training area
  • Entrance/Access
  • Signage
  • Indoor Circulation.

1. Delimitation of Areas: A Safe and Targeted Approach

The delimitation of the play area is essential for the safety and orientation of users. From Afamour we suggest Use hedges or fences, avoiding encroaching on accessible pedestrian itineraries. This measure Increases security, especially for children who may have difficulty assessing hazards and for those with intellectual or psychosocial disabilities who need defined boundaries.


2. Accessible Tickets: Open Doors to Inclusion

Entries must be accessible and visibly recognizable. At Afamour we offer specific recommendations for fenced areas, ensuring proper openings and options that meet safety standards, such as doors without invading public spaces and safe opening mechanisms:

  • Unfenced area: Complying with Accessible Pedestrian Itineraries (IPA): When the area lacks fences, access must comply with the requirements of Accessible Pedestrian Routes (IPA). This ensures that the path to the playground or training area is accessible to everyone, following the established standards.
  • Fenced area: AFAMOUR Recommendations for Safe Entry: In the case of a fenced area, It is essential to carefully consider the design of the entrance to maintain security without compromising accessibility. AFAMOUR presents specific recommendations for different types of tickets:

    Input delimitation

    • No Door: A minimum aperture of 0,90 m for fenced areas without gates.
    • With Burladero: If the fence has a burladero, Suggested:
      – Make sure it is wider than the hole in the fence to be effective.
      – The gap in the fence must be at least wide 0,9 m.Behind the access and on the sides of the burladero there is a space free of obstacles to allow turning in circles of at least Ø1.50 m.
    • With Door: For fences with gates, AFAMOUR recommends:
      – Prevent leaf sweeping from invading public road traffic spaces.
      – If they are double doors, both must be practicable, and at least one must allow a clear width of passage ≥0.9 m.
      – On both sides of the doors, there must be a horizontal clearance of at least Ø1.50 m for the sweep of the leaves.
      – The opening/closing mechanisms must be at a height between 0,80 – 1,20 m.
      – A snap-on or lever opening system is recommended, No danger of snagging, that allows one-handed opening and manoeuvring.

3. Clear and Universal Signage: Guiding Diversity

At Afamour we highlight the importance of signage at the entrance to leisure areas. The information must be Include rules of use, Location of Accessible Items, Available Activities & Accessible Routes. It is proposed that the Using Illustrated Posters with Universal Design, Braille, High-relief, pictograms or QR codes to ensure inclusive communication.

Playground signage


4. Indoor Circulation: Ensuring Autonomous Mobility

Inside the playing area, Circulation must be autonomous, Comfortable and safe for everyone. From Afamour we highlight the importance of accessible circulation pavements, Proper location and distances between elements, sufficient lighting and cushioning flooring that complies with specific regulations for playground equipment and training equipment.

  • IPA Park Interior and Circulation Pavements:
    The characteristics of ramps are detailed, Grids and pavements to ensure accessibility.

  • Location and Distances Between Elements:
    A design that avoids the creation of segregated areas and promotes inclusivity is suggested.

  • Proper Lighting:
    The need for appropriate lighting levels during usage hours is highlighted.

  • Cushioning Pavement:
    European regulations and material options are mentioned to meet safety and accessibility standards.

Accessible Park

Creating inclusive spaces is not only a legal requirement, but also a Commitment to Diversity and Equality. By following these recommendations, We can build leisure areas that not only comply with regulations, they also embrace the diversity of their users, ensuring that everyone can fully enjoy these areas.